Pilot Wave Theory
All particles must be transported by a wave into which it is incorporated. ~ Louis de Broglie
The central problem with the conventional interpretation of the uncertainty principle is that it merely provides a statistical convenience, rather than a representation of Nature. As a tool rather than a characterization, the uncertainty principle explains nothing, while leaving the universe inherently nondeterministic.
This is a case of consensus writing history, and in doing so wiping away good sense, including Schrödinger’s first impression of what the uncertainty principle meant.
For Louis de Broglie, wave/particle duality was no abstraction. He assumed a real wave existed that satisfied Schrödinger’s equation, with an attendant particle following a definite trajectory.
de Broglie theorized in 1927 that each particle is guided by a background wave, which he later called a pilot wave. Consistent with thermodynamics, the particle is in a thermal bath provided by a background of vacuum fluctuations.
Phase harmony between a wave and its particle, as well as synchrony between particles, is provided by a periodic process, equivalent to a clock. A pilot wave steers its particle by this nonlinear interaction.
The pilot wave theory provides a deterministic system that characterizes existence with a cynosure and casts off uncertainty. In its developed form, the theory is also consistent with classical physics, quantum mechanics, and relativity.
Despite its ostensible appeal, the pilot wave theory was repudiated by physicists at the 1927 Solvay Conference. Einstein’s failure to speak up for the theory led to its rejection.
Einstein liked the theory’s determinism. His objection was the implication that the entire universe was entangled, affording nonlocal interactions between particles.
The pilot wave theory requires the potential for interaction between any and all particles in a system. Distance does not drive interactivity to zero. The instantaneous state of a particle depends upon its overall environment.
In the long run, only the entire universe can be regarded as self-determinate, while any part may be independent in general only for some limited period of time. The very mode of interaction between constituent parts depends on the whole, in a way that cannot be specified without first specifying the state of the whole. ~ American theoretical physicist David Bohm & British quantum physicist Basil Hiley