**The Holographic Principle**

Holography is a huge leap forward in the way we think about the structure and creation of the universe. ~ Dutch theoretical physicist Kostas Skenderis

With energy cast aside for sheer data as the source of cosmic construction, the holographic principle emerged, with existence as an information structure painted on a cosmological canvas; like a hologram, where information is both distributed and entangled. Gerard ‘t Hooft concocted the concept in 1993. Leonard Susskind gave it wings via strings in 1995 with a string theory model. Inscrutably, all that is needed to encode the hd richness of the 3d world is a mere 2 dimensions, as if Nature could be written on a piece of paper.

Most physicists believe that the degrees of freedom of the world consist of fields filling space. Instead of a 3-dimensional lattice, a full description of Nature requires only a 2-dimensional lattice at the spatial boundaries of the world. The world is 2-dimensional and not 3-dimensional as previously supposed. ~ Leonard Susskind

Remarkably, what goes unremarked is energy–data equivalence. The ordered patterns that energy take are inherently the informational content of existence. As energy creates forms greater than 3D spatially (e.g., virtual particles), the holographic principle is hooey. Treatment of black holes under this hypothetical regime illustrates the folly.

Singularities imply information loss. ~ Gerard ‘t Hooft et al

Radiation from black holes, predicted by Stephen Hawking in 1974, has been shown to exist. The randomness of Hawking radiation obliterates information. For years, Hawking had no problem with that idea. But once quantum information theory became popular among physicists, Hawking contradicted himself, with the hedge that information is preserved if one waits for the black hole to completely evaporate. In Hawking’s imagination, the ‘information’ rent by a black hole reintegrates in a Humpty Dumpty manner once it dries up.

The physics of black holes – immensely dense concentrations of mass – provides a hint that the principle might be true. Studies of black holes show that, although it defies common sense, the maximum entropy or information content of any region of space is defined not by its volume but by its surface area. ~ Jacob Bekenstein

In bounding the universe to 2 spatial dimensions under the holographic principle, by definition, no energy can actually go into a black hole; doing so would defy the 2D limit, as well as information being lost. So, the matter drawn to a black hole simply piles up on its horizon (surface) as a sheet of increasingly dense information entropy.

When matter falls into a black hole, the increase in black hole entropy always compensates or overcompensates for the “lost” entropy of the matter. ~ Jacob Bekenstein

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The holographic principle requires a medium for the canvas. The concept of a cosmic canvas is not new.