Climate & Weather
Earth’s climate system has sensitive triggers that can cause abrupt and dramatic shifts in global climate. ~ American geological oceanographer Matthew Schmidt
All the talk of the troposphere brings us to climate: a characterization of a region over a long (though not geological) time frame, focused on atmospheric measurement. The standard averaging of a climate is 30 years but is often adjusted to suit reportage.
Climate is a sketch of the effect that biospheric elements have on atmosphere, with weather as a snapshot. Climate is to weather what a movie is to stills (individual film frames).
The term climate comes from klima, the ancient Greek word for “inclination.” The term weather has more recent roots: sometime shortly after the Black Death in Europe, when one’s sense of time ran short.
Climate is what you expect. Weather is what you get.