Lycopene is a carotenoid phytonutrient. Carotene is a pigment produced in plant cells, yielding the vivid colors of fruits and vegetables.
Cooking tomatoes increases the concentration of bioavailable lycopene in this fruit. Watermelon and red citrus, such as pink grapefruit, are also high in lycopene. As carotenoids are pigments, coloration signifies lycopene content.
Regular consumption of foods rich in lycopene are beneficial in warding off prostate cancer. Lycopene is an active antioxidant.