The Ecology of Humans (46-2) Vitamin B


B is a complex of water-soluble vitamins. There are 11 different B vitamins.

B1 (thiamin)

B2 (riboflavin)

B3 (niacin)

B5 (pantothenic acid)

B6 (pyridoxal phosphate, pyridoxine, pyridoxamine)

B7 (biotin)

B8 (inositol)

B9 (folic acid)

B10 (para-aminobenzoic acid)

B12 (various cobalamin)


If taken in a supplement, B vitamins should be taken as a balanced multi-vitamin, such as suggested in the table below. High-dose supplementation of a single B vitamin can cause imbalances of other B vitamins.

Since the functions of various groups of B vitamins are often closely related, deficiencies of the B complex are especially likely to result in malfunctions of the nervous system. Anemia is also likely to occur. A sore mouth with cracks at the corner, a burning sensation inside the mouth and a tongue which is swollen, shiny, purple, and cracked are all symptoms of vitamin B deficiency. ~ American physician Rudolph Ballentine