An avocado is a large berry with a single seed. The avocado tree is native to Mexico and Central America. Avocados are now cultivated commercially in tropical and Mediterranean climates throughout the world.
Avocado trees are partially self-pollinating. Trees are often propagated via grafting to maintain predictable quality.
There are numerous avocado cultivars. Hass is the most common. All Hass avocados descended from a single tree raised by American mail carrier Rudolph Hass of La Habra Heights, California.
Avocados are nutrient-dense. About 75% of the energy supplied by avocados comes from its healthy fat. Avocado is an excellent source of dietary fiber, vitamins B, C, E and K, potassium, magnesium, and antioxidants.
Avocado is a good food for infants, and for those who are overweight, as gives a solid sensation of satiation.