The Fruits of Civilization (24-6-3) Labor Unions continued

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In the United States, the Knights of Labor, founded in 1869, had mushroomed to nearly 800,000 members by 1886, only to quickly become a rump of its former self owing to mismanagement and unsuccessful strikes.

The American Federation of Labor, founded in 1886, led by English American cigar maker Samuel Gompers until his death in 1924, proved much more durable, thanks to his canny leadership.

In the large, not until the 20th century, by dint of sheer numbers, were workers able to overcome the political clout invested in their suppression. Even then, the fruitless struggle of workers on the lower economic rungs for decent wages never ended and continues to this day.