Anyone released from prison faces greater discrimination than before they went in. There is no way someone convicted of a serious crime can repay their supposed debt to society. The stigma is indelible.
Hence, criminalization is essentially a prolonged state act of terror. Its infliction is overwhelmingly on society’s underclass and serves to perpetuate social stratification.
The criminal justice system’s differential treatment of dominants and subordinates is clearly systematic and essentially inseparable from the expression of group-based power. ~ English psychologist Jim Sidanius & American social psychologist Felicia Pratto