Astronomers have discovered a massive galaxy that is at least 12.5 billion years old. According to the standard cosmological model, that’s impossible. What’s actually impossible is the standard cosmological model.
American astronomer Christina Williams on the newly discovered galaxy: “The galaxy is actually a massive monster galaxy with as many stars as our Milky Way, but brimming with activity, forming new stars at 100 times the rate of our own galaxy.”
The standard cosmological model (ΛCDM) suggests that astrophysicists don’t know the first thing about physics, most notably that matter cannot travel faster than light. Instead, astrophysicists idiotically believe a science fiction story about when and how the universe began: 13.82 billion years, with matter traveling superluminally just a moment after cosmic genesis. The superluminal bloating bit, called “cosmic inflation,” is necessitated by the supposed present size of the universe coupled to the assumption that the universe began just shy of 14 billion years ago.
Cosmic inflation has been thoroughly disproven. The hoary massive galaxy just discovered is another chip on the pile of sightings and calculations which show that the standard cosmological model is bunk. Astrophysicists cling to their model out of sheer stolidity. “Recent studies found that some of the biggest galaxies in the young universe grew up and came of age extremely quickly, a result that is not understood theoretically,” gibbered standard model adherent, Dutch astronomer Ivo Labbé.
The origination date of 13.82 billion years ago comes from the first light in the cosmos that has been seen. Bad inference. There is no reason to think that the universe started on a lit stage. Instead, the cosmos likely started in the dark, with light only when stars formed, long after the cosmos energetically coalesced.
The observed universe has a radius of 46.5 billion light years. If Earth were in the center of the universe, the cosmos would be some 50 billion years old. Earth being at the cosmic center is exceedingly unlikely, in that Earth is nowhere near the center of its galaxy, which is nowhere near the center of the universe as far as can be figured. So, the universe is infinitely more likely to be 500 billion years old than 50.
Ishi Nobu, Spokes 1: The Science of Existence, BookBaby (2019).
Christina C. Williams et al, “Discovery of a dark, massive, ALMA-only galaxy at z ~ 5–6 in a tiny 3 mm survey,” The Astrophysical Journal (22 October 2019).
“Massive star-forming galaxy spotted in early universe,” Sci News (23 October 2019).