Hermit crabs are so called because they tuck themselves into sea shells for protection. The crabs themselves are quite social when the occasion arises, such when new real estate becomes available.
The visual richness of Nature owes to color. The applications of color in life forms clearly indicates that there is a force of design behind the exhibition of existence.
Altruism is common in all kingdoms of life. From an evolutionary perspective, altruism arises when it confers a decided benefit to a population or individuals which practice it.
Tardigrades are tiny, nearly translucent aquatic animals, found all over the world. Tardigrades are commonly known as water bears.
Seed germination illustrates that vital energy is the essentiality of life.
Crabs are an eminently successful group of thick-shelled, decapod crustaceans with a single pair of claws which are used like hands. Crabs live in all the world’s oceans, in fresh water, and on land. Despite having tiny brains, crabs are quite cagey.
Life on Earth emerged many times. Cells of several sorts arose, their chemistry and structures confined to certain parameters of potentiality. The possibilities were delimited by efficiencies and data facility. Indeed, information has always been the defining feature of life, as has been sharing.
It’s a hoary myth that humans evolved big brains to handle their multitudinous relationships.
Every organism, every atom, is unique – a fantastic diversity internally simplified. The mind habitually categorizes for its convenience. The idea of “species” is exemplary.
In 2017, Indonesian archaeologist and caver Pak Hamrullah discovered a bevy of artwork in a cave on the island of Sulawesi that dates to 44,000 years ago.
Animals in the same circumstance of being a potential meal for some predator take the advantage of eavesdropping. Danger calls are understood as such by many animals who have no biological relation to the caller.
No serious student of botanical life doubts that plants are aware of and responsive to their environment. By definition, awareness requires consciousness, as consciousness is the ability to be aware. Yet religious fanatics claim that plants lack consciousness.
Male birds sing in the spring to defend territory and attract a mate. Vocal virtuosity during breeding season makes the difference in drawing a prime partner and intimidating rivals who recognize skill as a generalized competency. When there’s no apparent reason, what are males singing for during the winter?
Plants adapted to the presence of bats in at least 2 ways: to make it easier for bats to rid plants of potential pests, and for pollination services.
In 1906, American zoologist Herbert Spencer Jennings reported on complex decision-making in an archaic, single-celled protozoan. Jennings claims drew widespread interest but were later discredited: tarred by the brush of matterist orthodoxy. Some fascinated biologists have now confirmed Jennings’ findings.
Viruses are wily. Measles is especially virulent because it erases the body’s defense system memory.
Rats are naturally furtive creatures. But rats on California city streets are an increasingly common sight.
Cells sometimes need to squeeze through tight spaces. Such maneuvers might squash a cell’s precious nucleus, which holds vital DNA. So, nucleus bubble-wrap evolved in such cells.
Peoples around the world have their own languages and traditions. But their songs share universal patterns.
Some women have a fine sense of smell without the physiological means for olfaction.
Plants compete for sunlight and soil resources. But they also cooperate for the good of the community to which they belong.
The mind is a pattern processor. The mental ability to discriminate is based upon contrast. As such, a reference pattern affords finer acuity.
A native of northeast Africa, the vulturine guineafowl is the largest bird in its genus. Taxonomically, this bird is more dinosaur than guineafowl. But its sociality is post-modern.
Plants are sensitive to touch and respond according to what is touching them. The feel of a neighboring plant receives a distinct reaction from that of an herbivore or falling rain.
Bird eggs come in a dizzying array of colors and patterns; each an evolutionary study of adaptation to a specific habitat. There is nonetheless a global trend.