Acacia trees are famous for their symbiotic relationship with ants. Managing different ant species with distinct work ethics presents a challenge to these trees, which is met with sweetness.
The fluttery flight of butterflies is unique. It is also optimal.
When the opportunity arises, electric eels hunt in packs with wily tactics.
Spiders don’t have ears. They listen through their legs.
Pinyin, a plant used in traditional Chinese medicine for lung congestion, knows when to hide itself. In doing so the miracle of adaptation is revealed.
Some snakes can see in the dark.
Nature produces many wonders. One is the diabolical ironclad beetle, which is a little 6-legged tank.
Filamentous fungi grow by hyphal branching and extension, creating networks which serve as highways for motile soil bacteria on the go. But the bacteria must pay a toll for traveling fungal roads.
White mold is a plant disease caused by the sclerot fungus. A virus knows how to tame sclerot, and even make it beneficial to plants.
Insects are the only invertebrates that evolved flight. Their wings are a marvel of engineering skill.
Plants have coopted many animals to help them thrive and propagate. Ants may not be the best pollinators, but properly motivated they make precious porters for progeny.
Half of the world’s land has been degraded by man’s exploitation: an unsustainable percentage that keeps rising. One unintended consequence is the increasing unleashing of infectious disease.
Different animals have distinct ways of socially dealing with contagious diseases depending on their social nature.
The process of living boils down to data processing. To render the mirage of physicality, symbolic processing fabricates physical correlates. Genetics is just the beginning.
Plants are green because photosynthesis is optimized – not to maximize energy, but to minimize stress.
From fighting fish to sharing love, intense relations engender energetic synchrony.
Plants are constantly battling herbivores to avoid being eaten. One way they do so is to disguise their scent.
Spittlebugs are the nymphs of froghoppers. The nymphs are better known, as gardeners consider them especial pests.
Bumblebees are honeybees larger cousin. While more docile than honeybees in their relations with other animals, bumblebees are more aggressive in their floral harvesting techniques.
The Asian giant hornet is the largest hornet. An adult may be 4-5 cm long. Native to Asia, the hornet has made its way to North America’s Pacific Northwest.
Flamingos live in flocks numbering in the thousands. But these birds are highly selective in who they hang out with.
By far the most varied and abundant of animals, insects are vital to the biological integrity of macroscopic life on Earth: serving as pollinators of plants (and their corpses fertilizer), food for many animals (notably birds), and ecosystem cleaners.
Some widely successful species, sometimes called “invasive”, outcompete by being versatile, such as having a broad diet. In being euryhaline – able to withstand wide-ranging salinity, the round goby is that. But what got the goby its widespread presence is an inner strength.
The phyllosphere comprises the aboveground parts of plants. Like the belowground rhizosphere, the phyllosphere includes a community of commensal microbes.
Could crocodiles have been behind the JFK assassination? A new study shows strange coincidences.