The Blood Network

The cells comprising the thin inner layer of blood vessels regulate blood’s many behaviors. This endothelium accomplishes its responsibility by sharing copious information in a self-organizing network.

Viral Editing

Viruses selectively edit host genetic instructions to produce the bioproducts they want as part of viral reproduction. Viruses can do this because they understand life at the molecular level.

Cell Vitality

Communications between a cell’s energizer – mitochondria – and its recycler – lysosomes – regulate cell senescence.

Amorphous Relations

The onset of organelles by eukaryotes seemed such an innovation over the apparent pandemonium in prokaryotes lacking organizational membranes. Look closer and cells run tidy businesses whether inside or outside protein fortresses.


Cyanobacteria originated photosynthesis and were innovators in using cellular greenhouses to do so. They also evolved the ability to flexibly capture whatever light was available to them – an adaptive optimality that changed the world.


Sentient macromolecules – proteins – comprise the labor force of cells. The mercurial among them are enzymes, which catalyze chemical reactions to accelerate manufacture of bioproducts.

Mom Knows Best

In deciding the timing of dividing, mother cells smartly sense their environment and direct their daughters on the right move.

Immune Decisions

Immune system cells flock to the site of an infection once residents there cry out for relief. The herding causes inflammation: swelling, redness, and pain. Then the immunizers collectively decide what to do.