Electric Earth

In a planetary circuit, electricity courses throughout Earth’s atmosphere and its surface. By 1749 Benjamin Franklin concluded that the properties of lightning were similar to those found in machines. This is also true of organisms on Earth, right down to their cells.

Goby Domination

Some widely successful species, sometimes called “invasive”, outcompete by being versatile, such as having a broad diet. In being euryhaline – able to withstand wide-ranging salinity, the round goby is that. But what got the goby its widespread presence is an inner strength.

Glowing

Many animals employ fluorescence: a light show via various biochemical means with a diversity of intentions.

Habitat Climate

An organism’s habitat is the range of environmental conditions which are tolerable. Whereas organisms which adapt to specific niches are specialists, generalists have more tolerance.

Eulipotyphlan Venom

Eulipotyphlans are a taxonomic group of small mammals which include hedgehogs, gymnures (moonrats), solenodons, moles, and shrews of all sorts. Several eulipotyphlans are venomous. Eulipotyphlans with a vicious bite independently evolved this prey-catching assist several times.