Expansive Controversy

Astrophysicists are muddling their way through a gross discrepancy related to their gross misapprehension of how and when the universe began.

The Hubble constant is the term for the rate at which the cosmos is expanding. That constant differs based on diverse measures of galactic dynamics. The distinct measures incorporate models which are founded upon false assumptions of when the universe began and the manner of its expansion. This is regularly shown by discoveries which cannot be explained by the orthodox cosmogony fiction.

The 1st major error is when the universe supposedly began, which is at least tens if not hundreds of billions of years before universally assumed. The 2nd major error is an absurd compounding upon the 1st: invoking a physics-defying cosmic inflation in the supposed early universe. There are then fanciful theories about dark energies and mystical dark matter particles which infuse certain cosmological calculations.

“I’m skeptical of our ability to understand our measurement uncertainties,” said British physicist Jo Dunkley.

Because cosmological models intrinsically incorporate axioms and theories, discerning and resolving the discrepancies in Hubble constant estimates are proving intractable because cosmologists apparently lack the good sense necessary to analyze, discuss, and discard the presumed falsehoods. It is pathetic.


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Tamara Davis, “An expanding controversy,” Science (13 September 2019).

Inh Jee et al, “A measurement of the Hubble constant from angular diameter distances to two gravitational lenses,” Science (13 September 2019).

The Hubble Tension: new controversy over the expansion of the universe,” Teller Report (7 September 2019).

Miriam Kramer, “The Hubble Constant conflict,” Axios (13 August 2019).

Monica Young, “Tension over Hubble constant continues,” Sky & Telescope (24 July 2019).

Emily Conover, “Scientists still can’t agree on the universe’s expansion rate,” Science News (16 July 2019).

Michael Greshko, “The universe seems to be expanding faster than all expectations,” National Geographic (25 April 2019).

Dennis Overbye, “Cosmos controversy: the universe is expanding, but how fast?,” The New York Times (20 February 2017).