Molecules of Sight

While looking out, the human mind creates a visual image corresponding to 1,600 megapixels (million pixels) each millisecond (1/1000th of a second). This is 274 times more detailed than high-definition TV images. The astonishing process of sight cannot be explained physiologically. Further confirmation of this has recently been provided by researchers who identified the receptors responsible for catching the photons which supposedly compose a visual image.

G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCR) are receptors for a family of eukaryotic cell membrane proteins which work as signal transducers. There are over 800 human GPCRs that signal through ~20 different G proteins. Besides catching photons, various GPCRs deal in hormones, pheromones, odors, and neurotransmitter compounds. “They’re involved in almost all the biological processes in a human body: how we perceive light, taste, smell, or how the heart rate is regulated or muscles contract,” noted Chinese cytologist Yang Gao.

In vertebrates, a vision GPCR is capable of catching a single photon and then amplifying the signal 100,000 times through chemical transformations.

To physically construct a visual image, precise light levels and color characteristics from received photons must be accurately transferred and constructed in an exact spatial map. As incoming photons are disturbed by cellular obstacles within the eye before encountering GPCRs, that the GPCRs are not spatially configured congruent with the visual image created, and protein treatment of incoming light is an interpretive exercise, a purely physiological account for sight is impossible.

Spokes 4: The Ecology of Humans has a detailed explanation of vision physiology and processing, which is further elucidated in Spokes 8: The Hub of Being – showing that vision must be mystically mentally composed, with physical organs and cells as rough correlates. Detailed knowledge of sensory physiology, including touch, smell, and audition, reveals that there is no purely matter-based explanation for sensation. A subtler energetic system must be at work, with physicality a shadow play.


Yang Gao et al, “Structures of the rhodopsin-transducin complex: insights into G-protein activation,” Molecular Cell (9 July 2019).

Molecular basis of vision revealed,” ScienceDaily (30 September 2019).