Spokes 1: Table of Contents

Spokes 1: The Science of Existence   Table of Contents   619 pages   {Notes}

The Universe
    Beginning
        The Big Bang
            History
            Story
                Conceptual Expansion
        Cosmic Inflation
        Cyclic Cosmology
    The Standard Model
        Dark Matter
        Dark Energy
        Light Matter’s Modest Missing Half
    Scale-Invariant Cosmology
    Cosmic Matter
        Dust
        Galaxies
                Too Bright
            Galaxy Classification
                Black-Body Radiation
            Black Holes
            Light Speed
            The Horizon Problem
            Galaxy Dynamics
            The Milky Way
            Galactic Webs
                Large Quasar Groups
        Uniformity
            Cosmological Principle
    Stars
        Fusion
        Massive Stars
        Neutron &Quark Stars
        Hypernovae
    Planets
            Starless Planets
    The Solar System
                History
                    Emanuel Swedenborg
        The Sun
        The Planets
                    Titan
                    Europa
    Earth
                Dechlorination
        The Moon
            Life Under the Moon
        Final Formation
        Tilt & Spin
        Water Supply
    Structure
        Earth’s Magnetic Field
            Van Allen Belts
            Polarity Reversal
        Day Length
    The End
    Synopsis
Physics
    History
                        Isaac Newton
        Laws of Thermodynamics
            1st Law: Conservation of Energy
                Conservation Contravened
                Vacuum Genesis
            2nd Law: Theremalization & Entropy
                Thermalization Thwarted
            3rd Law: Maximum Entropy
            0th Law: Temperature
                So Bitter Cold That It’s Hot
        From Classical to Modern Physics
    Toolkit
        The Inscrutability of Infinity
        Fields
        The Imaginary Complexity of Reality
        Albert Einstein
            E = mc2
        Light Speed
        The Horizon Problem
    Relativity
        Special Relativity
                    Gold
        General Relativity
            Mass
                    William Kingdon Clifford
    Time
            Zeno Effect
    Matryoshka Reality
                    Matryoshka Dolls
            History
                Brownian Motion
        Quantum Mechanics
            Uncertainty
                Pilot Wave Theory
            The Standard Model
                Fermions & Bosons
                    Particle Demolition Derby
                    Neutrinos
                    Higgs Boson
                    Graviton
                Particle Properties
                    Mass
                    Color Charge
                    Spin
                Spontaneous Symmetry Breaking
                Ghost Fields
                Supersymmetry
            Antimatter
                Matter-Antimatter Asymmetry
                CP Violation
            Forces
            Nuclear Forces
            Electromagnetism
                Magnetism
                Lorentz Symmetry
            Gravity
                Quantum Gravity
            Quantum Superposition
            Nonlocality
                Bose-Einstein Condensate
            Solitons
            The Ground State
                The Dance of Spacetime
            Quasiparticles
                Ettore Majorana
                Majorana Fermion
                Plasmons
        String Theory
            History
                Stringy Liquids
            Planck Units
            Entanglement
                Entanglement Out of Time
        The Information Paradigm
            Information Theory
            The Holographic Principle
                Aether
        Entropy
        Unity
            Gravity & Thermodynamics
        Holistic Dimensionality
            3D
        Theory of Everything
            Wormhole Entanglement
        Matryoshka Transition
            Superconductivity Seam
    Paradigms
        Systems
        Causality
        Constructal Law
        Gyres
        Self-Organized Criticality
    Synopsis
Chemistry
    History
                    Antoine Laurent Lavoisier
    Atoms
        Protons
        Neutrons
        Nuclear Clusters
            Magic Nuclei
                Eternal Element
        Electrons
            Ions
            Shells
                The Atomic Void
            Conductivity
                Bad Metals
                Superconductivity
                    Superinsulators
                    Fractal Superconductivity
        Radiation
            Electromagnetic Radiation
                Electromagnetic Spectrum
                Ultraviolet
                X-Rays
                William Rontgen
                Pedoscopes
                Gamma Rays
            Particulate Radiation
                    Earth’s Age Via Isotope
            Radiation Exposure
            Cosmic Radiation
            Earthbound Radiation
                    Watch That Dial
    Molecules
        Bonding
            Valence
                Hydrogen
            Covalent Bonds
                Bond Orders
            Ionic Bonds
            Hydrogen Bonds
            Bonds Beyond
            HD Harmonically Bound
        Molecular Geometry
            Lone Pairs
            Polarity
        Phases
            Triple Point
            Superfluidity
            Supersolids
            Energy Transitions
        Catalysts & Enzymes
            Catalysts
            Enzymes
                    Humble Agents
                Pseudoenzymes
        Water
            Properties
                Polarity
                Bonding
                Surface Tension
                Solvency
            Forms
                Atomic Forms
                Molecular Forms
            Phases
                Freezing
                Ice
                Evaporation
            Organic Role
            Fear of Water
            Water Memory
    Organic Chemistry
            Functional Groups
                pH
                    Neutralization
        Carbon
            Atmospheric Carbon
            Photosynthesis
            Hydrocarbons
            Lipids
                Fats
            Carbon Cycle
                History
                In the Ocean
                Seagrass Meadows
                On Land
        Nitrogen
            Fixing Nitrogen
            Nitrogen Cycle
                    Fritz Haber
        Oxygen
            Molecular Forms
            Oxygen Toxicity
            Discovery of Oxygen
                    Apollo 1
            Atmospheric Oxygen
        Proteins
            Protein Folding
            Protein Regulation
            Generalists & Specialists
                Pain
        Amino Acids
    Synopsis
Life Begins
    Origin on Earth
        Geology
        Geography
            Extremophiles
        Chemistry
            Sugar
        Abiogenesis
            RNA World
                Viral Analogy
            Pyrite Life
            Protocells
            Water World
                Archaea
            Panspermia
                Life From Mars
            Data At The Dawn Of Life
            Life Cohering
        Life Rising
            Microbes Everywhere
            Common Ancestor
    Life Elsewhere
    Synopsis
Cells
    Prokaryotes
    Eukaryotes
        Organelles
            Mitochondria
            Nucleus
            Endoplasmic Reticulum
            Golgi Complex
            Plasma Membrane
        Cytoplasm
            Cytoskeleton
        Cell Wall
        Tails
                    Spirochetes
                    Paramecia
        Hygiene
        Apoptosis
    The Evolution of Eukaryotes
                    Colonial Choanoflagellates
                    Metamonads
            Eukaryotic Uplift
    Eukaryotic Cell Types
    Organized Activity
        Communication
            Extracellular Matrices
        Movement
            Push & Shove
        Self-Organization
    Longevity
        Nuclear Pore Complexes
    Cell Division
        Mitosis
        Meiosis
    Transport In & Out
        Endocytosis
        Exocytosis
    Metabolism
        Redox
            Electron Transport Chains
        ATP
        Respiration
        Biosynthesis
        Metabolic Pathways
    Cell Intelligence
                    Cancer
    Synopsis
Genetics
    Nucleic Acids
        Deciphering DNA
        Chemical Composition
            DNA – RNA Differences
                Unlettered Nucleobases
        Folding
                    Recognizing Foreign DNA
            DNA Knots
    Genes
        Genetic Coding
        Codons & Cistrons
        Genetic Variations
                    Gregor Mendel
        Supergenes
        Expression & Regulation
                    Sea Lampreys
                Transcription
                Translation
                    Actin
                    Coleoids
        Quality Control
        Prokaryotic Adaptive Immunity
        Genomes
    Genophores & Chromosomes
        Genophores
            Genetic Exchange
        Chromosomes
            Life Cycle
            Ploidy
            Telomeres
                G-Quadruplexes
            Comparative Chromosomes
            DNA Content
                    Bladderwort
                Replication Accuracy
    Sex Chromosomes
    Alternation of Generations
        Animals
        Plants
        Fungi, Slime Molds, Algae
        Benefits
        Genetic Complexity
    Epigenetics
        Genetic Evolution
        Junk Debunked
            Epialleles
        Mechanisms
            Methylation
                    Breeding Urges
                    Honeybee Memories
                    Seeds & Embryos
                    Methylation Variation
            Histone Alteration
                    Rite of Spring
            RNA Regulation
                microRNA
                X Inactivation
                    Marsupial X Inactivation
            Protein Post-Production
            Allostery
        Epigenome
                    Wood Work
        Lifestyle Epigenetics
            Cancer
        Comparative Epigenetics
        Plant Epigenetics
    Genomic Protection
            Transposons
                Piwi-interacting RNA
                Endogenous Retroviruses
    The Genetics of Behavior
                    Mice Digs
    Gene Editing
    Synopsis
Conclusion
Glossary
People
Index