Spokes 2: Table of Contents

Spokes 2: The Web of Life   Table of Contents   1,122 pages in 2 volumes   {Notes}

The Web of Life
    Defining Life
        History
        Life Defined
            Intelligence
    Communication
                    Fake Feces
                    Telltale Smell
            Metacommunication
                    Cleaner Fish
                    Play
        Cellular Communication
            Intracellular Communication
                    Calcium Ion Channels
            Intercellular Communication
                    Sweet Talk
                    Stem Cell Conference
                    Wounds
                Communal Encylopedia
                    Primary Cilia
                Communication Lines
                    Killer Diagrams
                    Cancer Cells
        Media
            Light
                    Fireflies Alight
            Sound
                    Echolocation
            Electrical
            Chemical
                    Azteca Ants & Phorid Flies
                    Nematodes & Fungi
                    Moth Advertising
                    Benthic Scents
        Stimuli
        Noise
        Evolution
                    Mangrove Snapper
                    Spotted Hyena
        Coinciding Interests
            Recognition
                Kinship
                    Sage Rats
                Status Sniff
        Audience Effect
        Honesty
                    Roaring Deer
                    Antlers & Horns
                    Bull Elephant Seals
                    Toad Croaks
                    Cricket Song
                    Lizard Flashes and Dances
                    Hyrax Songs
        Deception
                    Parachute Plant
                    Backstabbing Butterfly
            Bird Orders
                    Wintergreen Oil
            Camouflage
                    Fish Scales
                    Alternate Concealments
                    Looking Dangerous
                    Mocking Weevils
                    The Scent of Food
                    Drongos
    Biosphere
                    Rainmaker
            Climate
                Volcanism
        Biomes
            Classification
        Ecosystems
            Ecology Gyre
                Soil
                    Termites
                Community Ecology
                    Plant Stress
                Island Biomes
        Atmosphere
                Exosphere
                Thermosphere
                Mesosphere
                Stratosphere
                    Polar Vortex
                Troposphere
            Atmospheric Circulation
            Climate & Weather
            Dust
                    Lake Chad
                Sahara Desert
            Clouds
        Hydrosphere
                    Microbes in the Rain
                    Microbes in the Ocean
            Ocean Circulation & Climate
                Eddies
                Ocean Conveyer Belt
            Water Cycle
            Continental Shelves
        Lithosphere
            Astheosphere
            Tectonics
                Continental Drift
                Supercontinents
                Sea Level
                Submerged Continents
                Evolutionary Effects
                    Continental Stock Exchange
                Continental Rift
        Climate Cycles
            Into Icehouse
            Heading to Hothouse
                Antarctic Gyre
                El Nino & La Nina
        Biota
            Food Web
                    Pacific Salmon
            Oceanic Life
                    Coral Gardeners
                    Cleaner Fish
                    Vampire Squid
            Relations
                    Marine Microbe Synchrony
                    Witches’ Broom
                Mutualism
                    Endosymbiotic Exploitation
                    Power Grid
                    Hydrothermal Vents
                    Bean Bugs & Burkholderia
                    The Nematode & Its Killer Bacteria
                    Agricultural Ants
                    Tree Police
                    Amazonian Ant-Plant
                    Reef Police
                    Clownfish & Anemone
                    Seagrass & Clams
                    Seagrass Comeback
                    Sloths & Moths et cetera
                    Take A Load Off
                    Birds & Alligators
                    Communication Chemistry
                Commensalism
                    Tank Plants
                    Sardine Tongue Trap
                    Incidental Commensalism
                Amensalism
                Parasitism
                    Parasitic Plants
                    Cape Sumach
                    Parasite Zombies
                    Fish Eye Fluke
                    Tangle Web Spider
                    Ant Berry
                    Hired Protection
                    Toxoplasma gondii
                    Strepsipterans
                Kleptoparasitism
                Microparasitism
                    Microsporidia
                Epiparasitism
            Energy Flow
                Trophic Loops
                Death for Life
                Population Parameters
                    Yelllowstone Wolves
            Keystones
                    Sagebrush
                Marshes
                    Canary Islands Trees
                Rarities
                Parasites
                    Mistletoe
            Invasive Species
                Plants
                    King Crabs Under Antarctica
            Life Entangled
    Synopsis
Life’s Diversity
    Classification
                    Jellyfish
                Supergroups
            Classification Confounded
            Linnaeus’ Curse
                    Classifying Crows
                Misidentification
            Karyotype
        Domains
        Nomenclature Overload
    Microbes
        Importance
        Numbers
            Marine Microbes
            In the Soil
        Travel
        Sociality
            Cooperation
                Biofilms
            Quorum Sensing
                Cheating
            Warfare
            Associations
                Microbiome
                    Gut Flora
                    Ruminating
                    Flatworms See The Light
        Habitats
                    Hot Clams
        Archaea
        Bacteria
            Coating
            Diversity
            Senses
                    Magnetotactic Microbes
            Intelligence
                    Work Uniform
            Genetic Uptake
            Sociality
                Myxobacteria
                    Myxococcus xanthus
                Altruism
            Symbiosis
                Bioluminescence
                Eating With The Enemy
            Diet
                 Energetic Drinker
            Reproduction
            Robustness
        Viruses
            History
                    Mimivirus
            Alive?
                Satellite Viruses
                    Mama & Sputnik
                    Cafeteria roenbergensis
                    Intrigue at Organic Lake
            Infection
                    Herpes
                Viral Assistance
            Bacteriophages
                Communal Decisions
            Ocean Viruses
                In the Muck
            Archaea Viruses
            Plant Viruses
            Viral Zombies
                    The Wasp & Its Virus
    Protists
            Reproduction
        Algae
                Diatoms
                Volvox
        Plankton
            Dinoflagellates
                Photosynthetic Techniques
        Protozoa
            Ciliates
            Amoeba
            Xenophyophores
        Slime Molds
            Intelligence
            Plasmodia
            Social Amoeba
                Amoeba Farmers
    Multicellular Life
                Chloroplasts
    Fungi
            Predatory Fungi
        Microscopic
            Chytrids
                Allomyces
            Yeast
                Fermentation
                Parental Sacrifice
                Proprioception
        Macroscopic
            Mycophagous Mammals
        Lichen
        Pathogens
                    Candida
                    Ergot
                    Potato Blight
                Fungal Voices
                    Death Grip
                    Fungus of the Gods
    Synopsis
Plants
    Tissues
        Meristem
        Secondary Tissues
    Physics
                Sunflower Florets
        Photosynthesis
            Chrlorophyll
                Chlorophyll’s Color
        Water
        Transport
            Xylem & Phloem
        Size Limits
    Chemistry
            Vacuoles
        Primary Metabolites
            Carbohydrates
            Lipids
            Amino Acids
        Secondary Metabolites
            Flavonoids
            Tannins
            Terpenes
                Conifers
            Alkaloids
            Glycosides
    Mechanics
        Materials
        Cell Growth
        Properties
            Parenchyma
        Flowering Plants
            Pollination
            Seed Production
                Maternal Care
            Establishment
    Adaptabilities
        Water Management
        Asexual Reproduction
        Polyploidy
        Hybridity
        Dormancy
                    Looted Fruit
    Intelligence
                    Killer Quorum Mimic
                    Pesky Pollinator
                    Barberry Battles Barbarism
            Math in the Dark
        Communication
                    The Headaches of Willows
            Lines of Communication
                Others on the Party Line
            Chemical Calling Cards
        Cheater Compliance
                    Legumes & Rhizobia
                    Yuccas & Moths
        Senses
            Sight
                    Facing the Dawn
                    Compass Plant
            Touch
                    Touch-Me-Not
            Gravity
            Smell
                    The Scent of Ripening
            Hearing
            Electricity
            Sense of Self
                    Wood Sorrel
    Stress
        Drought
        Waterlogging
            Hydrophytes
                    Rootless Duckweed
        Cold
        Heat
    Strategies
        Growth
            Cells
                Auxin
            Leaves
            Roots
                    Kwongan Root Strategies
            Seasonal Sense
                Flowering
        Defenses
            Wounds
            Border Building
            Self-Protection
                    Goldenrods & Gallflies
                    Inciting Cannibalism
                    Beetle Juice
                Calling For Help
                The Timing of Fruit
                Immune Systems
                    Damn Spots
                    Viruses
                        RNA Silencing
        Communication
        Territory
        Movement
                    Hopping Horsetail Legs
                    Moss Spore Shoot
                    Orchids
                    Creeping Dogwood
                    Bladderworts
                    Venus Flytraps
                Shooting Seeds
        Competition
        Belowground
            Endophytes
                Mycorrhizae
                    Trees
                    Thale Cress Pickiness
                    Trichoderma
                    Mycoheterotrophy
                        Indian Pipe
                        Orchids
        Sociality
                    The Comity of Sunflowers
                    Jewelweed Relations
                    Searocket Siblings
            All Together Now
    Plants & Animals
                    Elephant Yam
                    Survival by Theft
                    Just Don’t Munch the Seeds
                    Cliffhanger
                Myrmecochory
            Camouflage
                    Stone Plants
                    Pygmy Pipes
            Borrowed Protection
                    Monarchs & Milkweed
            Plants As Power Plants
        Medicinal Plants
            History
                Antiquity
                Early Eurpoe
                Medieval Times
                    Doctrine of Signatures
                The Renaissance
                The 19th Century
                The Rise of Synthetics
    Synopsis
Animals
    Insects
            Wings
                Morpho Dragonflies
            Feet
        Fairyflies
        Cockroaches
        Bees
            Honeybees
                Life Cycle
                Honey
                Wax
                Honeycomb
                Guard Duty
                Foraging
                Intelligence
                Young Again
                Hive Maintenance
            Bumblebees
        Ants
            Castes
                Ant Sounds
            Queens
                Supercolonies
                Colonies Without Queens
            Dinosaur Ants
            Wheedled by Beetles
            Leafcutter Ants
                Heads Up
                Fungus Farming
                Killer Mold
                Hygiene
            Weaver Ants
            Meat Ants
                    Cane Toads
        Termites
    Octopuses
    Reptiles
        Lizards
            Sight
            Communication
            Geckos
                    Namibian Desert Gecko
            Lifestyles
                    Striped Lava Lizards
            Mating
            Autotomy
            Intelligence
        Snakes
            Anatomy
                    Skin
            Temperature Regulation
            Senses
                Smell
                Infrared Detection
            Locomotion
            Diet
                    The Big Squeeze
                    Snake Eaters
                    Tentacled Snakes
                    Eggs Worth Fighting For
            Defenses
                    Playing Dead
                Snake Venom
            Reproduction
            Cognition
            Snakes & Humans
    Birds
        Diet
                    Hornbills
                    Songbird Patience
                    Emus
                    Hummingbirds
        Senses
            Sight
            Hearing
                    Owls
            Seasonal Changes
        Brains
                    Chickens
        Sociality
            Finch Society
        Communication
            Songs and Such
                    Mockingbirds
                Singing in the City
                    Bat Song
                    Parrots
                        Alex
            Foraging Guidance
                    Honeyguides
        Territory
            Advantages
            Defense
                    Battles in Epping Forest
        Planning & Memory
                    Scrub Jay Caching
                    Bivouac Checking
        Corvids
            Intelligence & Awareness
                Tool Use
            Rearing
                    Jackdaws
                    Pinyon Jays
                    Magpies
    Mammals
        Rodents
            Squirrels
            Rats
            Sand Puppies
            Prairie Dogs
                A Keystone Species
        Giraffes
        Elephants
            Sociality
            Senses
            Diet
            The Trunk
            Teeth
                Tusks
            Communication
                    Koshik
            Psychology
                In the Mirror
        Marine Mammals
                    Captivity
            Sea Otters
            Dolphins
                Intelligence Physiology
                Intelligence
                Sociality
            Orcas
                    Sea Lion Slam
            Pilot Whales
        Primates
            Lemurs
        Monkeys
            Variety
            Classification
            Diet
            Habitats
            Physiology
            Communication
            Socialty
                Grooming
            Intelligence
                Deception
            New World Monkeys
                Callitrichids
                Cebids
                    Capuchins
                    Squirrel Monkeys
                Night Monkeys
                Pitheciids
                Atelids
                    Howler Monkeys
                    Spider Monkeys
                    Woolly Monkeys
            Old World Monkeys
                Colobines
                    Proboscis Monkeys
                Cercopithecines
                    Guenon Monkeys
                    Talpoin Monkeys
                    Patas Monkeys
                    Dianas
                    Vervets
                    Japanese Macaques
                        Imo the Innovator
                Baboons
                    Diet
                    Sociality
                    Infidelity
                    Communication
        Apes
            Orangutans
            Gorillas
                    Koko
            Chimpanzees
                Diet
                Tool Use
                Communication
                Personality & Emotions
                Parenting
                Sociality
                Culture
                Intelligence
                    In the Mirror
            Bonobos
    Aspects of Existence
        Sustenance
                    Bats
                    Ant Foraging
                    Tit Milk
                Colonial Intelligence
        Health Care
            Grooming
            Remedies
                    Fermented Fruit Flies
        Migration
                Human Incomprehension
                Monarch Butterfly Migration
                Dragonfly Migration
                Dung Roll
            Magnetic Field Detection
                Cryptochrome on the Wing
        Generations
                    Homosexuality
                    Primal Urges
            Mating
                Spiders
                Mating Choice
                    Oversexed Marsupial Mice
                Lekking
                    Kakapo
                Family
                    Sex Ratios
                    Birds
                        Blue-Footed Boobies
                    House Mice
                Cooperative Breeding
                    Turkey Sturt
            Birthing
                Egg Laying
                    Smart Eggs
                    Water Bugs
                    Megapodes
                    Bird Eggs
                Live Birth
            After Birth
                Parental Care
                    Earwigs
                    Chiclids
                    Strawberry Poison Frogs
                    Demurring Murres
                Alloparenting
                    Common Creche
                    Meerkats
                Adoption
                Brood Parasites
                Education
                Prolactin
                Infanticide
                    Burying Beetles
                Parental Investment
                    Milk
                Bonding
                Weaning
                    Sea Otter Moms
            Menopause
                    Grandmother Hypothesis
        Emotions
                    Pill Bugs
            Emotional Chemistry
                    Dopamine
            Comfort Behaviors
            Joy
            Play
                    An Imprisoned Turtle
        Violence
            Gender
            Ants
                    Slave Rebellion
                    Suicide Carpenter
                    Honeypots
        Personality
                    Comb-Foot Spiders
        Sociality
                    Vinegar Flies
                    Hermit Crabs
            Cost & Benefits
                Protection
                Food
            Organization
                    Geladas
                    African Wild Dogs
            Social Dominance
                    Gall Aphids
            Cooperation
                    Lionfish
                    Pseudoscorpions
                    Lions
            Empathy & Altruism
                Coerced Altruism
                    Vampire Bats
            Friendship
                Interspecies Bonding
        Intelligence
            Microbes
                    Altruistic Algae
            Plants
            Animals
                    Worm Charming
                    Great Tits
                Domestication
            Theory of Mind
                Dogs
                Dogs vis-a-vis Wolves
            Defining Intelligence
                Expectation & Purpose
            Savvy
                    Houseflies
                    Fruit Fly Song
                    Fighting Damselflies
                    Mantis Shrimp
                    Coral Trout
                    Irukandji Jellyfish
            Collective Intelligence
                Insect Colonies
                    Rock Ant Real Estate
                    Fish Shoals
            Construction
                    Caddisflies
                Spiders
                    Spider Silk
                    Spider Webs
                    Darwin’s Bark Spider
                    Common House Spider
                    Bolas Spider
                    Antlions
                Skink Mansions
                Bird Nests
                    Village Weavers
                    Bowerbirds
                Beavers
            Tool Use
                Invertebrates
                    Funnel Ants
                    Assassin Bugs
                    Fishing Lure
                Vertebrates
                    Archerfish
                    Wrasse
                    Birds
                        Tanimbar Corella
                    Mammals
                        Wolverine Refrigerators
            Communication
            Math Skills
                    Road Signs
                Optimal Foraging
                    Starfish Geometry
                    Pigeons
    Synopsis
Conclusion
Glossary
People
Index