Spokes 3: Table of Contents

Spokes 3: The Elements of Evolution   Table of Contents   722 pages   {Notes}

Life’s History
    Geological Time
    Mass Extinctions
        Extinction Events
            End-Ordovician Extinction
            End-Devonian Extinction
        Extinction Theories
        Eukaryotes Evolve
            Spurring Multicellularity
                Reproduction Isolation
                Increasing Complexity
        The Cryogenian Cooler
        Edicaran Life
        The Cambrian Explosion
                    Burgess Shale
                Fish Appear
        Fish Tales
            Bottom Up
        Verdure Venture
            Insects Emerge
                    Early Herbivores
            Vertebrates Arrive on Land
        Continental Moves
        Plant Evolution
                Fire Ecology
        Amphibians & Reptiles
            Snakes & Lizards
                Lizard Adaptability
        The Great Dying
        The Triassic
        Flowering Plants
                Pollinating Bees
            Continental Shifts
            Body Heat
                    Tegu Lizards
            The First Dinosaurs
            Dinosaur Classification
                    T. Rex
                    Dinosaur Fleas
                    Water Fleas
                Ostrich Dinosaurs
            In the Skies
            At Sea
        Yucatan Big Bang
            Growth Evolution
                    Yi qi
            Avian Pre-Adaptations
            Extinction & Evolution
            Muscle & Tendons
                    Woodpecker Beaks
            Flightless Birds
        True Beasts
            Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum
            Primates Ascendant
            Eocene Cooling
                Antarctica Isolated
            Mediterranean Sea
    Geology & Plants
            Milankovitch Cycles
            Tectonic Pulses

            Analogues and Homologues
    Conceptual History
        Spontaneous Generation
                Jan Swammerdam
        Natural Selection
                Jean-Baptiste Lamarck
                Giovanni Brocchi
                Charles Darwin
                Gregor Mendel
                    Seabird Colonies
                Genomic Symphony
                    Selfish Genes
            Random Mutation
                    Nematode Timing
            Punctuated Evolution
    The Science of Evolution
        Dispersal & Adaptation
                Global Microbes
            Deep Homology
            Weak Linkage
                The Easy Route
            A New Trait
                    Sex Ratios
                    Common Cordgrass
                    Sphinx Moths
                    Attitude Counts
            Human Mating Strategies
            Parasitic Ants
            Parasitic Manipulation
                    Caterpillar Bodyguards
            Baldwin Effect
                    House Finches
        Inheritance & Evolution
            Genetic Inheritance
                Gene Flow
            Gene Conversion
            Self-Splicing Elements
            Epigenetic Inheritance
                    Vinegar Flies
                    Evolution Eternal
                    Ciliate Protozoa
                        DNA Mavens
               &nbspViral Infection
            Adaptation in Disguise
            Haploid Adaptation
                    Sea Snakes
                    Tropical Rainforest Spiders
            (Not) Freezing
                    Gall Plumbing
                    Backdoor Beetles
            Feathers & Fur
            Poison Avoidance
                    Pig Litters
                    Lusty Birds
                    Planthopper Leap Gear
                    Harvester Ants
            Rapid Adaptation
                    Polar Bears
                    Coy Wolves
                    Florida Lizards
                    Big-headed Ants
                    Polluted Fish
                    Polluted People
                    Peppered Moths
                    Potato Whiteflies
                    Hawaiian Crickets
                Germ Plasm
                    Marine Cyanophages
                    Parasitic Plants
                Red Queen Hypothesis
                    Deep-Sea Battery
                    Pathogen Protection
                Plants & Animals
                    Acacia & Ants
                        Beltian Body Snatcher
                Adaptive Predatory Cycle
                    Bad Taste
                Marked Against Predation
                    False Eyespots
        Convergent Evolution
                    Digestive Flexibility
                    Blood Suckers
                    Swimming Ants
                    Rove Beetles
                    High-Altitude Hummingbirds
                    Insect Eusociality
                    Blue Tarantulas
                    Endogenous Retroviruses
                Adipose Fins
                    Infant Distress
            Toxic Adaptation
                    Sea Urchins
                    Paper Wasps
                    Suction Vision
            Nervous Systems
            Intelligence & Brains
        Reversion Evolution
                    Gray Tree Frogs
                    Conspecific Male Plant Competition
                    Marbled Crayfish
            Hypotheses on Sex
            Sexual Selection Intensity
                Sympatric Speciation
                    Lake Constance Sticklebacks
                    Orca Culture
                Parapatric Speciation
                    Unhired Protection
                    Competition in Guadalupe Canyon
                    Flies in Evolutionary Flight
            Evolutionary Hotspots
                    Galapogos Islands
                    Manta Rays
                    Deep-Sea Fish
            Moving Through Fluids
            Evolution By Perception
                    Peacock Spiders
                    Shore Crabs
                    Cagey Vines
                Batesian Mimicry
                Mullerian Mimicry
                    Tiger Moths
                    Mimic Octopus
                    Large Blue Butterfly
                    Courting Cockroach Counterfeit
        Inclusive Fitness
            Fitness Through Ignorance
            Altruism Innate
        Life-History Variables
                    Bat Echolocation
                    Bat Shelter and Sociality
                    Mammal Predation
                    Mammal Defecation
                    Diving Birds
                    Banana Slug Sex
                    Ram Horns and Longevity
                    Lechwe Reproductive Strategy
                Mating and Parent Care
                Precocial versus Altricial
                Climate & Body Size
                    Hot Horse
                    Wandering Albatross Winds
                    Eyesight to the Blind
                Manipularity-Intelligence Hypothesis
            Rate of Living
                    George the Lobster
                Full Lives
            Aging & Mortality
                 Negligible Senescence

Human Descent
            Brain Size
                The Last Glacial Maximum
                The Holocene Extinction
                Savannah Hypothesis
            Au. anamensis
            Au. bahrelghazali
            Au. africanus
                Lucy’s Northern Cousin
                Lucy’s Southern Cousin
                Lucy’s Next-Door Neighbor
            Au. garhi
            Au. sediba
            The Paleolithic
            H. Habilis
                Not Homo?
            Splitting & Lumping
                H. antiquus
                H. rudolfensis
                H. helmei
            H. gautengenis
            H. erectus
                Meat & Vegetables
                On the Hunt
            H. antecessor
            H. heidelbergensis
                H. rhodesiensis
                Brain Development
            H. floresiensis
            Homo sapiens
                    Toba Super-Eruption
                Red Deer Cave People
                Cro-Magnon versus Neanderthals
                Continuing Evolution
                Human Speciation
    Propelling Human Evolution
        Brains & Brawn
        Social Cunning
        Social Structure
            Cultural Diversity
            Domestication & Violence

Early Human History
        3-Age System
            Abstract Art
            Cave Paintings
                 Chauvet-Pont-d’Arc Cave
            Musical Instruments
            Dispersal and Retention
    Stone Age
            Oldowan Industry
            Archeulean Industry
            Mousterian Industry
                    Dolni Vestonice
                    Abu Hureyra
        Soil & Human Fertility
        Animal Domestication
                The Descent of Dogs
        Cultural Crops
    Early Civilizations
    Bronze Age
            Minoan Civilization
        Ancient Egypt
        Bronze Age Collapse
            Mycenaean Civilization
    Iron Age
        Ancient Greece
        Ancient Rome